Zimbabwe introduced the surrogate currency last year backed by a $200 million Afrexim Bank facility, principally to ease a bank note shortage of the multi-currency mix adopted for local trading in 2009.
A combination of hard currency externalisation and low exports were blamed for cash shortages.
But the bond notes, whose value is at par with the US dollar, have also disappeared from the market, believed to have been widely externalised to neighbouring countries.
The Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ) has admitted that the bond notes were being sold for US dollars in neighboring countries. This is despite the fact that the currency was meant for local trade only.
University of Zimbabwe economics professor and Government advisor Ashok Chakravati told a business meeting on Tuesday thatGovernment should come up with strategies to retain the surrogate currency within Zimbabwe.
“The problem with the bond note in my view is the peg with the US dollar that is the main problem. We have a black market and what is happening is that anyone who wants to trade the bond note for a discount or premium, has to do it illegally on Fourth street or in Messina or at the Road Port or somewhere else,” he said.
“In my opinion Government should remove the peg from the bond note, all that trading happening across the border will come back into Zimbabwe; why should it trade outside the country when you would like it over here.”
Professor Chakravati said the central bank’s initiative of licensing more bureau de change was a noble idea, and would promote a free exchange of the currencies in use in Zimbabwe.
“So what we need to do is to legalize the system and create a market. The Reserve Bank has taken the first step already by trying to extend the bureau de change,” he said.
The RBZ has so far released $175 million worth of bond notes and has indicated a desire to print more. - New Ziana